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Historical relationship with the culture of Dong Nai vicinity - Part II

Historical relationship with the culture of Dong Nai vicinity - Part II



 In his treatise on the history of the mountain peoples of Vietnam 's B.Bourotte , when referring to residents of the theory that 'the land of Dong Nai - Southern Highlands in early AD under the kingdom's territory Funan . community area population has the doped layer between the native anthropologist Indonesien ( former Indochina ) with class cultural anthropologist has India " .

      Residents live in indigenous tribes , the tribes have many small clans . They are managed by tribal customary laws , community , family . Land governance is the concept on which areas to explore their community farming . A head of a tribal patriarch , whose reputation resolves the internal friction of all ethnic and international festivals . They live in a house on stilts , the length is divided into several small plots for family shelter. Housing is made of lightweight materials from forest trees , near a barn shared storage for a clan . State taking over the earth mounds near the river - the stream , near the valley to facilitate the activities , producing and exchanging goods . They follow matriarchy , the maternal line , treasured daughter than a son.

      Economic life is mostly upland agricultural fields . Commercial development is also on the route by sea route Dong Nai River - Gio harbor the vicinity and Southeast Asia . Products are mainly exchanging rich forest resources such as timber , ivory , honey , beeswax to get the produce in areas that are not producing as gold , glass , onyx .... Agricultural production is based on the natural " forest eat , drink heaven" , according to the method of " fire broth , water recruiter " , self-reliant nature . Morphology economic appropriated as hunting , hunting , gathering no small role in their lives . The handicraft industry development as well as statuary , terracotta tiles , weaving , forging , knitting ... The technical products such as jewelery , fused glass , fine ceramics were imported from various places in the area . Livestock breeding less developed than cattle and poultry are raised primarily for the opportunity to serve as sacrificial ritual , ceremony , praying ... , rarely used in production . Craft style brick spot only way for India to build the temple of the Hindu god .


    Religious belief is primitive polytheism , they are all things conception soul like worship of mountains , forest god , river god , the god of fire , the god of agriculture , the rice god . When Hindu - Hinduism was introduced to , residents acquire two major modifications denominational worship Vishnu , Shiva . Among the relics found not worship coordinate types developed later as the South West . Buddhism was introduced but also quite late . Later , due to various historical reasons , Hinduism decline . Residents return to traditional faith , polytheism . Organize annual community festival offerings Yang , buffalo sacrifice , happy new rice ... with unique rituals . The architectural ruins of Hindu temples - Hindu worship is no longer as before , they considered gods region , associated with the legends , fairy tales mysterious nature .


    Social class divide is not clear , the wealth gap is not large , mainly household items taken as a measure . However, in the community of the rich, with assets such as gongs , Choe , buffalo ... ; poor component is no property , slaves as soldiers defeated , except those in debt but not harsh discrimination , they can call more people are slaves . Social matriarchy , continuous bride , the groom widespread . With the concept of death as afterlife should have been dead customary divide assets evenly with family members and was buried by the method of burial , grave and removed building code . Families of the dead after burial finished , the house was moved to another location or new houses burned , according to notions to exorcise and sick . This may be a reflection patterns of disease germ killing happened in earlier communities .


     Class of natives belonging to the Mon language - Khmer , Southeast Asia . Communities do not have their own writing . Sanskrit imported from India through the spread of Hindu shown on the inscriptions on them very strange .

Apparel natives very simple , loin men , women skirts , bare chest . The brocade panels , blankets , skirts , archives are run by their own hand made ​​from cotton plants grow , self weaving , dyeing from the colors plastic tree , decorations can be quite sophisticated .


    Their jewelry is also quite picky as bracelets , anklets , earrings , necklace bronze , silver , beads , beads , colorful onyx . Continuous floss , stretch ear only shown in some population groups .


    The weapon is the bow , the name , the trap . Engine production is a knives , rub antlers , ax , tree pruning cut rice mortars , flooring , Lithuania , baskets .... Even going as to the forest, to mountain , rivers , streams, they are carrying knives on the side , a basket on her back , rub shoulders carry antlers , holding a bow and arrow . It was self-defense weapons and hunting tools are serving their daily lives .

Musical instruments are gong to be viewed as the property of the family and animals used in sacrificial spirit festival rice incense offerings to the gods , funerals , weddings . There's also some self- created instruments such as bamboo men , elected trumpet , trumpet lip , trumpet rice .... In communities also saved mouth songs , love singing , lullaby , folk songs , the lyrics reflect love , work and share stories with many mystical elements , the sacrificial post office , dances .


    Residents in the Dong Nai includes many tribes have a process of continuous development and innovation . Each tribe has a particular culture , we just added , has interwoven to form a diverse culture , unique , consistent with historical conditions , nature of Dong Nai .


    Dong Nai land from the first century to the fifteenth century AD is the point of convergence and exchange of community residents . With specific historical conditions of a development phase of social upheavals , Dong Nai land became open land to attract residents to explore Vietnam , opened up a new period of development .​

Atlas of Dong Nai Province

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Managing agency: Office of Dong Nai Provincial People's Committee.
Main responsibility: Mr. Nguyen Kim Long - Chief of Office of Dong Nai Provincial People's Committee.
Address: No. 02 Nguyen Van Tri, Thanh Binh ward, Bien Hoa city, Dong Nai province.
Phone: (0251).3847292.
Specify the source " Portal of Dong Nai Province" or ""

Chung nhan Tin Nhiem Mang